Glossary of terms used on this site

GLOSSARY © Taylor Hinton | iStockPhoto

glos·sa·ry: a collection of brief explanations (as in the margin or between the lines of a text) of difficult or obscure words or expressions. has provided this glossary of Hebrew and Greek words to aid our readers in the understanding of key concepts used on the site.



Term Main definition


seder- Seder is a masculine Hebrew noun that means "order" or "arrangement".  This word is used to describe the "order" of the traditional meal eaten on Pesach in commemoration of the first Passover and Israel's Exodus from Egypt.  Strong's #5468. Pronounced SAY der.  Plural sederim.



Septuagint- A Latin word meaning "seventy" in reference to the seventy Jewish scholars who translated the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. From the Latin phrase "versio septuaginta interpretum", meaning "translation of the seventy interpreters".  The term most often applies to that Greek translation rather than the translators themselves.  The translation occurred circa 300-250 BCE. Pronounced sep TOO uh jint.




shaliach- The Hebrew word for "apostle".  It literally means "sent one".  Strongs #7971.  Pronounced shuh lee akh.  Plural "shlichim".




shamar- A Hebrew word meaning "to guard" or "protect".  It is often translated as "observe" as in "observe the Sabbath day" and other times as "keep" as in "those who love Me and keep My commandments".  Strongs #8104.  Pronounced shuh MAR.




Shaul- The literal Hebrew name of Saul [the Israelite monarch before King David] and the Hebrew name of Paul of Tarsus. This Hebrew name means "asked (of G-d)".  Strongs #7586.  Pronounced sha OOL.




Shavuot- The Hebrew word for "weeks". Shavuot is also shorthand for the Feast of Weeks (see Ex 34:22, Lev 23:15-16) which is called "Pentecost" in Greek. Singular "shavua".  Strongs #7620.  Pronounced shah voo OHT.




Shlomoh- The literal Hebrew name of Solomon. This Hebrew name means "peace" (from the Hebrew word shalom).  Strongs #8010.  Pronounced sheh LO moh.




shoresh- a masculine Hebrew noun that means "root" as in the root of a tree or plant. The word is also used to describe a "root" word from which other Hebrew words are derived.  Pronounced SHO resh.  Plural "shoreshim".